Presentation Questions and Answers
I’m Glad You Asked That Question
Answering questions in presentations can be challenging. But you probably can’t avoid them.
And being asked questions can even have positive aspects.
In this post we’ll look at dealing with questions and answers as part of a presentation. Or Q&A as it’s often called.
Some of the techniques discussed may also be useful when being interviewed.
The Negatives of Q&A
Let’s get the negatives out of the way first.
Being asked questions while you are presenting can be disruptive and throw you off balance.
Depending on the context of your presentation, some questions may be loaded, asked in the hope of tripping you up.
Journalists are always on the lookout for a good headline, and luring some poor soul into an ill-thought-out response to a question is part of their toolkit.
Even in a business presentation there may be someone present with an agenda that hopes to profit from your discomfort in the face of a tricky question.
Sometimes questions are even asked that are completely unrelated to the subject, but the questioner is going to ask anyway.
The reality is that you can’t escape questions. Even if you don’t invite them, a determined questioner won’t be put off. So you may as well embrace them.
However, most of the time, questions can be viewed positively and as an opportunity. Life gets easier if you are no longer on the defensive, but seeing the potential benefits of presentation questions and answers.
Let’s explore further.
Audience questions should be welcomed. If nothing else, they show the audience is still interested in what you have to say. But so much more can be gained.
You can use questions and answers to make your presentation more of a conversation than a lecture. It will help you to connect with your audience. If your presentation is interactive, the audience are more likely to pay attention and to stay engaged.
And to learn.
Presentation questions and answers also allow you to understand whether the audience is taking on board what you are saying.
And if it helps you to get across more detailed information to the audience, it can become a much more effective learning experience.
If someone asks a question that enables you to expand on your subject, you could even use the audience to your advantage. How about saying, “Oh, that’s a good question. Anyone got any thoughts on it?”
Hopefully one or two will pitch in with comments. That will leave you time to think about your response, which can complement and expand on the audience inputs.
Planning Presentation Questions & Answers
Planning? Don’t you just wait to see if anyone asks a question?
Well, yes. If you like living life on the edge. Let’s look at a less exciting but more effective approach.
Are you going to tell the audience you’ll take questions at the end or invite them to ask at any point in your presentation?
Just taking questions at the end keeps everything neat and tidy and avoids you getting side-tracked from the flow of your presentation.
Of course, there’s always the risk that someone may ask a question part way through regardless. If it’s a business presentation, you’re not going to tell your boss or a potential client to wait until the end, are you?
Inviting questions at any point has risks. Too many questions and your presentation can be derailed completely. Particularly if the questions aren’t relevant to what you are discussing.
Perhaps the compromise is to ask for questions at the end of each part of the presentation, even if you simply ask, “Is everyone following this or would you like me to clarify any aspects?”
Anticipate the Questions
Of course, you won’t be able to think about everything the audience may throw at you, but some questions may be easily anticipated.
What questions would you ask if you were in the audience?
If you can practise the presentation with a colleague, get them to think of questions. Even if you don’t rehearse with them, they’ll probably come up with the odd query you hadn’t anticipated.
There may be parts of your subject that you know will cause a hostile reaction. So plan how to deal with it.
Accepting that it is controversial and being understanding of the situation is more likely to win you friends than rubbishing the question. If the questioner appears to be in the minority, suggest having a face-to-face conversation after the meeting.
Unless you are a world expert, at some point in your life as a presenter, you’ll be asked a question to which you do not know the answer. Don’t bluff and bluster. Simply admit you don’t know and offer to find out and follow up after the meeting.
If you can take a colleague with you, who is knowledgeable on the subject, so much the better. You may be able to deflect the question to them.
Part of your presentation planning needs to consider the time available and how to use it.
The unpredictable aspect will be the time to allow for questions. The only way to deal with this is to think about what questions may be asked and how long you’ll need to answer them fully.
If you are using slides it may be appropriate to have a few with additional information specifically designed to help answer requests for more detail. These can be kept hidden unless required. Prezi probably makes this easier to accommodate than PowerPoint.
I’m Sorry, I Don’t Understand
The question is confusing. Or the questioner speaks very quietly. Perhaps they have a strong accent.
You could say, “I’m sorry but I didn’t quite catch that.”
Awkward though if they repeat and you are still mystified. So maybe then try, “If I understand correctly, the question is…”. Assuming there seems to be some degree of acknowledgment that you’ve grasped it, then go ahead and answer.
If it’s clear you’ve still misunderstood you can say, “I’m really sorry but I’m still not hearing you correctly. Can we catch up after the presentation please?
The main thing when answering questions is not to antagonise or embarrass the questioner – this will only result in the audience losing faith in you and more importantly what you are saying.
Any Final Questions?
Presentation question and answer sessions can be challenging. But if you embrace them they can help to develop a rapport with your audience that will help you to get your message across.
If you try to anticipate the likely questions and plan how you’ll respond to them, you’ll find your presentation will go more smoothly and be less stressful.
And don’t rush to answer questions. Listen to them carefully. Then take a couple of seconds to think about the answer before you speak.
(This post was last updated 31st May 2023)
You may also be interested in our post on How To Make Powerful Presentations.
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